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Dow Theory Secondary Low Close

Published on August 23, 2015 by in Dow Theory
150823DowTheory

Over the past few days I’ve started seeing articles that state Dow Theory has generated a sell signal. I believe those authors to be wrong. As I’ve mentioned in the past the most likely reason a Dow theorist makes mistakes is in identifying secondary highs and lows. If a practitioner misidentifies a secondary low during a rally low and price subsequently breaks below that low it generates a “Dow Theory Sell Signal” for them. During the past six years (current bull market by my count) I’ve seen at least five calls for the top from other technicians that have been wrong…due to misidentification of secondary lows. By my count the last secondary low for the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) was in November of 2012 (and hasn’t been broken yet…so the long term trend is still up). The rally out of that low was so powerful that it lacked dips that were large in price or long in duration. The current dip now meets both of those criteria which makes

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Likely Going Lower

150821spx

As a technical analyst I love it when independent chart patterns suggest the same resolution in the market. I’ve been highlighting two important chart patterns over the past month that will tell us if the market will eventually resolve in a rally or a decline. Yesterday both charts broke below their trigger lines suggesting a fairly large decline is ahead of us. The first chart is of the S&P 500 Index (SPX). It has been painting a tight line for most of the year. It finally fell below the bottom of the range. This break projects a minimum downside target of 1940 which would be about a 9% decline in total. I’m guessing that we’ll finally get the long awaited 10% projection. The second chart is of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). It has been painting a rounded top pattern. Yesterday it broke below 17075. This break projects a minimum downside target of 15825 which would be a roughly 13.5% decline. From a Dow Theory perspective a decline to

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Accumulation or Distribution

150810spx

As you know the core portfolios are almost fully hedged, but the volatility portfolio is 100% long. The reason for this is the core portfolios rely heavily on market internals to indicate everything is healthy under the surface. The volatility hedged portfolio relies on my market risk indicator that is much more sensitive to price. The core portfolios will often hedge during sideways markets because they see damage to market internals that result in chart patterns that can be either accumulation or distribution. My market risk indicator waits until it’s clear that distribution is underway. Currently the S&P 500 Index (SPX) is painting a pattern that can be either distribution or accumulation. We wont know which until the current range breaks. A break above 2140 on SPX would indicate accumulation has been under way and a strong rally should follow. A break below 2040 on SPX would indicate distribution has been occurring which should result in at least a 10% correction. The Dow Jones Transportation Average (DJTA) broke below a

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Group Think

150731DowTheory

During May of this year a meme spread through the financial world about the under performance of the Dow Jones Transportation Index (DJTA) in relation to the Dow Jones Industrial Index (DJIA). Everyone was talking about the Dow Theory non-confirmation and what it meant for the markets. Today DJTA is still under performing, but the crowd isn’t talking about it. They’ve moved on. It doesn’t matter anymore. Why? Group think. Group think is common in the financial markets (and society in general). An idea that seems reasonable often finds wide support regardless of its merit due to market participants repeating the meme without taking the time to do some independent research or even think about it. When dealing with stock market memes it doesn’t matter if it’s correct it only matters how many other people think it’s correct. Group think moves markets. An example of group think came in early 2013 when a study stating low volatility stocks out perform high beta stocks was widely circulated. This study was repeated

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Dow Industrials Catching Down to Transports

Published on July 28, 2015 by in Dow Theory
Dow Theory Rounded Top

Yesterday the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) broke below its early July low. At the same time the Dow Jones Transportation Average (DJTA) held above its early July low. Since the top in the transports last December they have led the industrials lower. Yesterday broke that trend. It now appears that DJIA is catching down to DJTA. Another thing to watch with the industrials is that they’re starting to paint a rounded top with the downtrend from the last peak now two and a half months long. There hasn’t been a lot of price damage in DJIA, but the time damage is starting to be significant. The longer the market drips lower the more it drains confidence from bullish investors. Rounded tops are made by one set of market participants buying small dips while another set sells into the rallies over a long period of time. So DJIA has time damage with the formation of a rounded top, but price hasn’t broke yet. Keep a careful watch on DJIA if

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Market Changing Character

150629DowTheory

Here are a couple of things that haven’t happened since late 2012. First is a downtrend in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) that is more than a month long. Since the last secondary low for DJIA the down trends have lasted roughly a month. If DJIA closes at the current level today it will be in a down trend that is now six weeks old. The transports (DJTA) are now in a down trend that is six months long. One of the tenets of Dow Theory is that bull markets will have long up trends and short down trends. In context of the two and a half year rally out of the 2012 lows neither of these declines are significant, but they do point to a changing character in the market. As a reminder, Dow Theory is still in a long term bullish trend. The current declines haven’t changed that trend. I’ll keep you updated to any significant or interesting things that happen with Dow Theory. Another thing that

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Core Indicators Healthy But Risk Rising

150626MarketHealth

Over the past week the market has dipped a bit, but for the most part my core market health indicators have held steady. The one exception is my measures of risk. They have risen a bit and once again two of the four components of my market risk indicator are warning. The other two are a long way away so at the moment this appears to be just another short term dip in a long term uptrend. All of our portfolios are still 100% long. There’s been a lot of talk about the transports (DJTA) this week and the implications of their downtrend. If you look at the decline in a longer term context you can see that DJTA’s downtrend has only retraced about 20% of the rally out of its last secondary low. A “normal” decline in a bull market can decline more than 50% or even 67% of a move from a secondary low and still be healthy. With the industrials (DJIA) only a few percent away from

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Waiting for a New Secondary Low

Published on June 1, 2015 by in Dow Theory
Dow theory secondary lows

Last week the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) made a new all time closing high, breaking above its recent range (Dow Theory line). At the same time the Dow Jones Transportation Average (DJTA) broke decisively below the bottom of its line. When this occurred it invalidated the line patterns in both indexes. Remember, a major tenet of Dow Theory states that both indexes must confirm a move to provide any useful information…so the fact that the indexes broke different directions invalidates the lines…period. So what do we do now? We go back to waiting for the current secondary low to be broken (which would signal a new bear trend) or the formation of new secondary lows. To break below the current secondary low (without creating a new secondary low) it will take a decline of over 30% in DJIA and 45% in DJTA. A highly unlikely scenario. So what we should be watching for is a new secondary low to be created. There are several criteria that should be met

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Why Dow Theory Still Works

Published on May 22, 2015 by in Dow Theory, Eating Cat
Dow Theory

There has been an increase in news stories about Dow Theory lately. Most of the discussion has been focused on the divergence between the transports (DJTA) and the industrials (DJIA). As you know I’ve added to the news flow by highlighting the break in opposite directions of Dow Theory lines by the averages. What almost everyone is talking about is the non-confirmation and its implication for the market. The opinions range from “the sky is falling” to “non-confirmations don’t mean anything” or even “Dow Theory is useless so this non-confirmation is nothing more than fodder for idiots”. I’ve been asked by one of the readers of Downside Hedge to share my thoughts on a recent blog post by a popular market commentator. His article was of the “useless fodder for idiots” variety. I’m happy to respond, but rather than call someone out I’ll focus on the general arguments I usually see against Dow Theory (which the “fodder for idiots” article touched on). The arguments against Dow Theory generally fall into

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Tale of Two Indexes

Dow Theory non confirmation

Over the past week the non-confirmation in Dow Theory between the industrials (DJIA) and the transports (DJTA) widened. Both indexes have been painting a line for over two months. Now both indexes have broken out of their lines. The problem is DJIA broke upward and DJTA broke down. This creates a non-confirmation that warns of a possible long term trend change in the near future (next several months…remember Dow Theory is about the very long term trend). Until this non-confirmation clears with the transports moving to new highs (and of course the industrials too) investors should be cautious about adding new long positions. On the other hand, if DJIA breaks the lower boundary of its range along with the transports then it will add a larger warning that the long term trend might be changing. Any low created after a break lower from the range in both indexes will create a new secondary low that will be the trigger point of a change from a bullish trend to a bearish

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